Effective Treatment to Diagnose Carotid Artery Stenosis
In this article, you will learn about the effective treatment to diagnose Carotid Artery Stenosis. Carotid artery stenosis is the disease which leads to narrowing of the larger arteries.
It should be on either side of the neck that carries blood to all parts of the body such as head, face, and brain.
The narrowing of arteries also results to be a build up the plaque in which it is called to be atherosclerosis. The condition is serious when stenosis is worsened over the time and it completely blockage of the artery which may also be a cause of stroke.
It must be never ignored because it can cause stroke and also lead to be a brain attack. A stroke usually happens when blood flow to your brain is stopped.
If blood flow is stopped for more than a few minutes, the cells in your brain are to be stopped and the person may lead to being serious death.
A stroke can cause long-term disability, such as vision or speech problems or it may also paralysis (an inability to move).
Carotid artery disease is a disease in which a waxy substance like plaque is to be build up inside the carotid arteries. Our body has two arteries in the body internal and external. The internal carotid arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to the parts of the brain. The external carotid arteries supply blood to the other parts of the body such as face, scalp, and neck.
Diagnosis of Carotid Artery Stenosis
The doctor may recommend basically three test for diagnosing:
- Ultrasound – it is done to assess blood flow and pressure in the carotid arteries.
- CT or MRI– It is to look for evidence of stroke or any other body abnormalities.
- CT angiography or MRI( magnetic resonance imaging) angiography, -This test is to be done to provide additional images of blood flow in the carotid arteries. For taking images of the brain a contrast dye is injected into a blood vessel and a CT scan or an MRI gathers the images of your neck and brain.
Treatment of Carotid Artery Stenosis
The treatment is done to improve the restore the blood flow which may also include angioplasty, vascular stenting or in serious cases surgery.
- Carotid Endarterectomy-
It is the most common treatment for the serious carotid artery disease. When making an incision along the front of your neck then surgeons open the affected artery and then removes the plaques.
The surgeons remove the plaque or repaired with either stitches or a graft.
- Carotid angioplasty and stenting –
If the blockage is serious and too difficult to reach with carotid endarterectomy or person don’t want a surgery. Then, in this case, surgeons give local anesthesia and a tiny balloon is threaded by catheter to the area of the affected clog.
The balloon is also inflated in the artery to widen the artery and also inserted mesh coil to keep the artery from narrowing again.
Well, this was the end of the article of effective treatment to diagnose Carotid Artery Stenosis.
Earlier diagnosis is necessary for the effective treatment of the disease.