What is Carotid Artery Stenosis Treatment
In this article, you will learn about what is carotid artery stenosis treatment. In the upper side of the neck, the common carotid artery divides into the basically external carotid artery that supplies excessive blood to the face.
In this internal carotid artery supply blood to the brain. In this, there would be an atherosclerotic plaque that can build up in the wall of the carotid artery.
In this commonly carotid artery splits into an internal and external carotid artery.
When plaque is narrow around the artery when it is called to be an artery stenosis. Carotid artery stenosis increases the greater risk of having a stroke.
The degree of stenosis or a narrow artery has greatly related the risk of having a stroke.
Stroke basically happens when there is sudden decreased blood flow around the brain and forming to be a huge plaque.
Plaque is broken into smaller pieces and block the smaller brain arteries. If you diagnosed with carotid artery stenosis then should be evaluated by a neurosurgeon and specialized for this disorder.
Over the last 50 years, a diagnosis of narrowing in the carotid arteries.
They mostly recommended a surgery called a carotid endarterectomy. It helps to prevent a recurrent stroke.
During this surgery, there would be an artery-clogging plaque which is made from calcium and cholesterol is to be removed from carotid arteries.
Carotid endarterectomy is basically a more lifesaving and viable procedure which is performed today.
Diagnosis of Carotid Artery Stenosis
Carotid Ultrasound (It is also Called Doppler Ultrasound)
This test uses the sound waves to create the real time pictures of the locate blockages. It is a special ultrasound technique that can detect areas of restricted blood flow in the artery.
Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)
It is basically a noninvasive test to give the information similar to the CTA without any using ionizing radiation.
It is a minimally invasive test in which a catheter is guided through an artery to the area of interest. In this contrast material is injected through an artery to the area of interest. It is injected by the tubes and easily captured with x rays.
Treatment For Carotid Artery Stenosis
This treatment is used to improve the restoration of the blood flow. It may also include the serious cases surgery, vascular stenting, and angioplasty.
This treatment is used to diagnose serious carotid artery disease. When making an incision along the front of your neck. In this case, surgeons open the affected artery and then removes all the plaques.
The surgeons remove all the plaque or repaired either with graft or stitches.
Carotid Angioplasty and Stenting
If the blockage is serious and there would be too much difficult to reach with carotid endarterectomy then you don’t require any surgery.
In this case, surgeons give a local anesthesia and a tiny balloon that is threaded by catheter to the affected part of the clog. Then the balloon is inflated in the artery to widen part of the artery.
In this inserted coil is mesh into it to keep the narrowing artery again.
Well, this was the end of the article of what is carotid artery stenosis treatment.
In carotid arterial stenosis, recent advances in technology have made angioplasty and stenting possible in these patients. Earlier diagnosis is necessary for the effective treatment of the disease.